Hypothyroidism, also known as low thyroid, is a condition when you have an underactive thyroid gland that doesn’t produce enough hormones.
When in early stages, this lifestyle disorder may not show any warning signs. However, if you leave it untreated, you can cause a number of health issues such as obesity, joint pain, infertility, and even heart disease.
It is easy to get yourself tested for thyroid function. Treatment usually involves Supplements For Low Thyroid or synthetic thyroid hormone which is safe and effective once your doctor determines the right dose for you.
Here are some of the symptoms you should watch for.
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism
The signs of hypothyroidism may vary in person to person, depending upon the hormone deficiency. Problems develop for number of years and you may not even notice a concern until it causes you fatigue or unexplained weight gain. You may even attribute these issues to growing older. However, as your metabolism continues to slow down, you may develop more problems.
If you experience signs like fatigue, increased sensitivity to cold, weight gain, puffy face, muscle weakness, irregular menstrual cycle, thinning hair, and/or slowed heart rate, then see your doctor.
While in isolation these symptoms may not mean anything, but when you experience more than one symptom that is affecting the quality of your life, discuss them with your doctor.
Causes of hypothyroidism
This condition occurs when your thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones. As a result, the balance of your body’s chemical reactions is affected.
There can be a number of causes that can lead to hypothyroidism, including auto-immune disease, thyroid surgery, radiation therapy, and certain medications.
Not many know this but the hormones produced by the butterfly-shaped thyroid gland, T3 and T4, can have an enormous impact on your health. It affects all the aspects of your metabolism and also control your body’s vital functions such as heart rate and body temperature.
Let us discuss some of the factors causing hypothyroidism in detail:
- Autoimmune diseases: This is the most common cause of hypothyroidism, also known as Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis. This disorder occurs when your immunity system starts attacking its own tissues by producing antibodies, affecting your thyroid’s ability to produce hormones.
- Anti-thyroid medication: Some people produce too much thyroid hormone which is then treated with the help of anti-thyroid medication or radioactive iodine. Sometimes in correcting the thyroid function, it slows it down, resulting in permanent hypothyroidism.
- Radiation therapy: Therapy involving treatment of cancer of head and neck can affect your thyroid gland and may cause hypothyroidism.
- Medications: Certain medicines, especially the ones that contain lithium, can affect the functioning of your thyroid gland.
Keep all these things in mind and stay vigilant about changes in your body. Don’t ignore the warning signs and get yourself tested regularly to prevent disorders before they cause serious damage.